New insights about what happened to 7 Up and why.
New insights as to what went wrong with 7 Up and why.
The 7 Up brand has all but disappeared.
The primary directive behind building any brand is that you must be single-minded. You can’t be everything to everybody. You must put a stake in the ground and, with authority, say, “This is who we are.” It’s something that 7 Up once knew but forgot.
There are many benefits to this approach. For one, your brand message becomes clear to those you are trying to reach.
Also, even though it may be a universal brand message, it tells a prospect that being a part of your brand is a member of an exclusive club. It tells prospects that they are special.
It also gives your company guidance. If you are about “simplicity,” let’s say, then everything you do – including the messages and advertising you deliver – reflects simplicity.
The great divide with 7 Up
It’s with that knowledge that we look at what went wrong with 7 Up. Owned today by the Dr. Pepper Snapple Group, it was once only behind Coca-Cola and Pepsi in market share. It was the Uncola, with ads featuring Jeffrey Holder.
That was in the late 60s and early 70s. Since then, under the 7 Up brand, there have been 16 versions of it from “7 Upside Down” (yes, the logo was upside down) to Cherry 7 Up, which was the subject of a lawsuit because the brand claimed it was an antioxidant.
Even stranger, since its market share started plummeting about a decade ago, it has had so many different timelines and different ad campaigns in an attempt to stall its market share fall that the brand has essentially become meaningless.
To put it simply, 7 Up couldn’t decide who it was and who it was for. It went from a soda giant to an afterthought.
There are market forces that have affected 7 Up, but its own lack of brand meaning is doing it in.
In 1972, 7 Up reached its pinnacle. The Uncola brand and the famous advertising campaign were in full swing. It was the third best-selling soda brand in the US, and the brand could leverage the Uncola brand across many messages.
The advertising spouted that it had no caffeine, with Holder saying, “Never had it. Never will.” Everything was cool. 7 Up was cool.
The Uncola brand was positioned against the rest of the market, thereby offering a true choice.
Then something happened. Advertising campaigns changed constantly. Its market share fell off. The diet colas entered the market and began taking over.
7 Up, like the rest of the soda brands, had its own diet version. Market share continued to slip to the eighth best-selling soft drink in 2000, with a 2% market share.
More than a decade later, it has less than 1% market share, its sales dropping 3% in 2013, continuing a downward spiral. Even worse, it just reported its worst profit figure in three years. 7 Up is basically irrelevant.
That’s especially alarming when most of the soda market targets younger audiences, meaning that many of the largest group of soft drinks buyers haven’t even heard of it.
There are so many reasons often given for why the soda has fallen so hard that it’s becoming the soda equivalent of Blockbuster.
Let’s list the most common theories, only to realize that, while they all may or may not have contributed, none of them address the real issue: Who is the 7 Up user?
7 Up is no longer the only cola of its ilk in the market. When it was king, it was the only soda that wasn’t a “dark” soda that mattered. Today, you have Sierra Mist, Sprite and, the real comer, Mountain Dew.
Mountain Dew is the fourth most-popular soda in America, a relatively recent phenomenon considering it’s been around since the 40s (when its name was a reference to moonshine).
But Mountain Dew did something right at the time of 7 Up’s fall.
It decided who it was for. Mountain Dew had a grassroots campaign that was akin to what Pabst Blue Ribbon has become to hipsters. In that case, the hipster decided that drinking the comically worst beer on the market made him cool.
In the case of Mountain Dew, a legend grew from teen males that the Dew was caffeine-addled “rocket fuel,” prompting PepsiCo (which owns Mountain Dew) to feature that demographic skateboarding, partying, and playing video games in ads.
Naturally, Mountain Dew has become one of the dominant sponsors of the X Games.
In some ways, you can spot Mountain Dew as the anti-7 Up.
While the brand has bragged a mild, anti-caffeine, even Caribbean feel (during the Holder days), Mountain Dew is the exact opposite. By firmly deciding who it is for, Mountain Dew blew past 7 Up. It now has more than 7% percent of the soda market share, more than seven times that of 7 Up.
There are other competitive factors. Energy drinks have been rising in volume by double digits recently, with ready-to-drink coffee, bottled water, and ready-to-drink tea also rising. Carbonated soft drinks are dropping. The only segment of the beverage industry doing worse is fruit beverages.
7 Up was not able to crack the diet market
This one is interesting. Diet colas started emerging when Diet Coke premiered in 1983, and the boom took off. It started a trend in which nearly every soda brand had a light version, a response to concerns over the amount of sugar and calories in traditional soft drinks.
In the last six years, diet brands continue to move up. Diet Coke rose from third place to second (behind its own Classic brand.) Diet Pepsi and Diet Mountain Dew, and Diet Dr. Pepper are also in the top 10.
It was actually early in the movement when Sugar-Free 7 Up debuts in 1973 and then renaming it Diet 7 Up in 1979.
So why didn’t they take hold in the market?
Some say the problems were twofold.
For one, 7 Up kept changing its formula, using aspartame, then switching to Splenda as a sweetener, then back to aspartame. Drinkers couldn’t keep up with the changing taste.
Also, it was already marketing itself as a “healthy” soda choice. It didn’t include caffeine (in what was becoming a more caffeinated world) and was already positioned as the Uncola with its clear color.
Did a strength become a weakness? It seems like a stretch, but the thinking goes that people thought 7 Up was already diet and light; what did it need a light version for?
But for that to have been the cause, the fall of 7 Up would have to have happened much earlier.
In fact, it’s worth noting that the its diet brands fare as badly as the main 7 Up soda.
Something happened to the brand.
What is the problem, and how to fix it?
The problem isn’t just the market forces, and it’s not the taste of it that went out of fashion, either. In fact, if you blindfold yourself, you’ll recognize how similar the taste is between 7 Up and…Coke. (We’ve done taste tests with large groups to prove it. The similarity is sugar.)
What really happened is that once the Uncola ran its course (and it lasted into the early 90s in some markets), 7 Up and its sub-brands ran with a variety of positions, such as:
“Now that’s refreshing”
“It’s cool to be clear”
“6 Up was not enough. We went one louder.”
“Make 7 Up yours”
“Are you an Un?”
“Seven flavors in one drink”
“Mix It Up A Little” is probably top of mind for most of us. The newest campaign that actually does have a strategy – use 7 Up in lots of things – but it still won’t create preference.
Can 7 Up come back?
Absolutely. Unlike other failing brands, such as something like Radio Shack, there is equity in the brand.
When it was the Uncola, it was positioned against the rest of the market.
And it suggested that its drinkers were not ordinary.7 Up, without using the Uncola position because it would seem retro (and, therefore, trendy), needs to rebrand itself so that its drinkers see themselves as different from the pack that drinks Coke, Pepsi, and the rest (including energy drinks, which are taking market share from sodas).
The soda brand needs to look different and have a very different tone from what the rest of sodas advertise today.
Through quantitative research, 7 Up (and, in essence, the Dr. Pepper Snapple Group) needs to find the emotional triggers that drive how consumers choose soft drinks.
Once those triggers are found, 7 Up must claim and define them as who its drinkers are and why that makes them different.
The Uncola isn’t dead. Bring back its spirit in a new form.